Campos-Pons was born in Matanzas, Cuba, in 1959. She attended the Escuela Nacional de Arte and the Instituto Superior de Arte before studies as an exchange student at the Massachusetts College of Art brought her to North America in 1988. She has lived and worked in Boston since 1991. Her early work as a painter in the 1980s focused on discussions of sexuality in Cuban mixed cultural heritage, as well as women’s place in society and art history.
She continues to explore her Afro-Cuban heritage in a wide-ranging practice that includes multi-media installation art, photography, video, film, and performance art. in 1988 the artist began a collaboration with musician/composer (and husband) Neil Leonard, which led to the founding of GASP, a lab and studio for the twenty-first century. She is a professor at the school of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Campos-Pons’s work has been shown internationally since 1984, with solo exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art (New York), the Venice Biennale, the Johannesburg Biennial, the First Liverpool Biennial, the Dak’Art Biennial, and the Guangzhou Triennial, among other prestigious venues. in 2007 the Indianapolis Museum of Art presented the first major retrospective of Campos-Pons’s work, Everything is Separated by Water.